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Protecting Tenants at
Foreclosure Act of 2009
Public Law No. 111-22, Effective Date May 20, 2009,
 as amended by Public Law No. 111-203 (at section 1484 pg 124)

(Division A, Title VII)
Enacted May 20. 2009
Amended July 21, 2010

TITLE VII--PROTECTING TENANTS AT FORECLOSURE ACT

SEC. 701. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the

    "Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act of 2009"

SEC. 702. EFFECT OF FORECLOSURE ON PREEXISTING TENANCY.

    (a) In General- In the case of any foreclosure on a federally-related mortgage loan or on any dwelling or residential real property after the date of enactment of this title, any immediate successor in interest in such property pursuant to the foreclosure shall assume such interest subject to--

      (1) the provision, by such successor in interest of a notice to vacate to any bona fide tenant at least 90 days before the effective date of such notice; and

      (2) the rights of any bona fide tenant,

        (A) under any bona fide lease entered into before the notice of foreclosure to occupy the premises until the end of the remaining term of the lease, except that a successor in interest may terminate a lease effective on the date of sale of the unit to a purchaser who will occupy the unit as a primary residence, subject to the receipt by the tenant of the 90 day notice under paragraph (1); or

        (B) without a lease or with a lease terminable at will under State law, subject to the receipt by the tenant of the 90 day notice under subsection (1),

      except that nothing under this section shall affect the requirements for termination of any Federal- or State-subsidized tenancy or of any State or local law that provides longer time periods or other additional protections for tenants.

    (b) Bona Fide Lease or Tenancy- For purposes of this section, a lease or tenancy shall be considered bona fide only if--

      (1) the mortgagor or the child, spouse, or parent of the mortgagor under the contract is not the tenant;

      (2) the lease or tenancy was the result of an arms-length transaction; and

      (3) the lease or tenancy requires the receipt of rent that is not substantially less than fair market rent for the property or the unit's rent is reduced or subsidized due to a Federal, State, or local subsidy.

    (c) Definition- For purposes of this section, the term `federally-related mortgage loan' has the same meaning as in section 3 of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974 (12 U.S.C. 2602).For purposes of this section, the date of a notice of foreclosure shall be deemed to be the date on which complete title to a property is transferred to a successor entity or person as a result of an order of a court or pursuant to provisions in a mortgage, deed of trust, or security deed.

SEC. 703. EFFECT OF FORECLOSURE ON SECTION 8 TENANCIES.

    Section 8(o)(7) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)(7)) is amended--

      (1) by inserting before the semicolon in subparagraph (C) the following: `and in the case of an owner who is an immediate successor in interest pursuant to foreclosure during the term of the lease vacating the property prior to sale shall not constitute other good cause, except that the owner may terminate the tenancy effective on the date of transfer of the unit to the owner if the owner--

           (i) will occupy the unit as a primary residence; and

          (ii) has provided the tenant a notice to vacate at least 90 days before the effective date of such notice.'; and

      (2) by inserting at the end of subparagraph (F) the following: `In the case of any foreclosure on any federally-related mortgage loan (as that term is defined in section 3 of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974 (12 U.S.C. 2602)) or on any residential real property in which a recipient of assistance under this subsection resides, the immediate successor in interest in such property pursuant to the foreclosure shall assume such interest subject to the lease between the prior owner and the tenant and to the housing assistance payments contract between the prior owner and the public housing agency for the occupied unit, except that this provision and the provisions related to foreclosure in subparagraph (C) shall not shall not affect any State or local law that provides longer time periods or other additional protections for tenants.'.

SEC. 704. SUNSET.

    This title, and any amendments made by this title are repealed, and the requirements under this title shall terminate, on December 31, 2014.

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California law for San Diego is applied in these pages.  Such laws may or may not be applicable in other jurisdictions.  The information provided herein is of a general nature and is not intended to be taken as specific legal advice.  Legal summaries are only the opinion of the Tenants Legal Center and not a specific representation of any law.  For legal advice in a particular situation, promptly consult with an appropriate attorney.